Scientific name: Western Anacardium
Popular names: cashew, soft cashew.
Natural occurrence: North and Northeast of Brazil.
Features: The cashew tree is a plant found almost all over the tropical world, with a tortuous crown architecture and of different sizes. In nature, there are two types: the common and the dwarf. The real fruit of the species is the part known as the cashew nut, and what is popularly considered as a fruit is actually a fleshy, soft, piriform stem, also edible, of orange or reddish color, whose name is pseudofruit, which varies between the size of a plum and a pear (5–11 cm).
Usage: this tree is widely cultivated in almost all of Brazil and abroad to obtain its pseudofruit (cashew) and its nut; the fruits are widely consumed throughout the country, and the chestnut is very popular and exported almost all over the world. It also contains vitamin A and the B complex. It is also rich in proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. It is also a good source of mineral salts, such as calcium, phosphorus and iron, as well as zinc, magnesium, fiber and unsaturated fat, which help to reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood.