An institution that has tradition and innovation as its pillars. A health school that is a reference and celebrates more than six decades of excellence in the training of critical, ethical and capable professionals to face the challenges and demands of contemporary society. This is Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, created on May 31, 1952 and which, since then, provides assistance to the population and values quality and innovation in higher education. An institution that, over time, has also become a reference in assistance, outreach programs and in research and innovation, with relevant contributions to the population's health.
Adelaido Ribeiro, born in Sergipe, was born on September 23, 1904, son of Domingos Alves Ribeiro and Arabela Cotias d'Assunção Ribeiro, in the city of Estância.
He entered the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia at a very young age, where he graduated in 1926. Specialist in Radiology, he created the Instituto de Radiologia da Bahia. He also coordinated the Radiology service of two large hospitals in the capital of Bahia: the Spanish Hospital and the Santa Izabel Hospital.
He shared his vast scientific repertoire with the Brazilian academic community, acting as a professor at the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia and at the School of Medical Sciences of Rio de Janeiro. In 1952, he was responsible for one of the great milestones in medical education in the North/Northeast, founding the Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública.
Adelaido Ribeiro had a career devoted to public health, having been a member of the Bahia League against Infant Mortality and secretary of Health and Social Welfare of Bahia from April 1964 to January 1966.
André Negreiros Falcão
André Negreiros Falcão was born in 1895, in the municipality of Queimadas, in the interior of the state of Bahia. While still young, he moved to Salvador, where he entered the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia. He completed the course in 1924, starting, in the same year, a brilliant career in the medical area – a specialist in Rural Endemic Diseases, he put his talents at the service of Rede Ferroviária Federal.
Returning to the interior, he settled in Serrinha, a city neighboring Queimadas, where his actions transformed the reality of the region. At the time, in addition to performing the clinical and obstetric role, Negreiros Falcão was responsible for the creation of the Serrinha Health House. Recognition for his invaluable contributions to public health led André Negreiros Falcão to a solid political career. For more than three decades, he held the position of State Deputy several times, ardently defending the interests of the Bahian population.
The intense parliamentary activity, however, was not enough to keep the professional away from the enthusiasm for the clinical profession. In Salvador, Negreiros Falcão was director of Casa Ernestina Guimarães and a geriatrician at Hospital Santa Izabel.
In 1952, understanding the need to create a new medical school in Salvador, Negreiros Falcão founded, along with other important medical leaders in the capital, the Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública. Thus, the legacy of the dedicated politician and passionate doctor was enshrined.
Antônio Simões da Silva Freitas
Antônio Simões da Silva Freitas was born in Salvador, on April 30, 1903. He carried out his initial studies in his hometown, under the guidance of prof. Possidônio Dias Coelho, completing them at the Gym in Bahia. In 1922, he entered the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia, graduating in Medicine in 1927. He specialized in Urology and Venereal Diseases and practiced, with rare competence, the urological clinic until 1960.
In his long and productive journey, Antônio Simões, as he was best known, exercised the multiple functions entrusted to him with integrity, public spirit, dedication and humility.
He provided relevant services to public health, having undertaken several health campaigns throughout his career and inaugurated the Municipal Health Department. And he was one of the founders and professor of Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, in addition to being the first president of the Foundation Bahiana for the Progress of Medicine and founder of the Academy of Medicine of Bahia.
Antônio Souza Lima Machado
Aristides Novis Filho
Columbus Moreira Spinola
Colombo Moreira Spínola brought together multiple and recognized talents.
As a doctor, he welcomed rich and poor with equal dedication. To the rich, he opened his intimacy, giving all uplifting examples of honesty, uprightness of character, and honesty. To the poor, he opened his heart and created the Santa Luzia Foundation, keeping for each one a personalized message of optimism, individualizing the compact mass of those who sought him, in the hope of humanized medicine enhanced by the virtues of those who professed it.
A man of letters, he produced unpretentious chronicles and opportune comments – some of them verbal, from which he emanated a profound humanistic culture, based on ancient and contemporary classics.
Colombo Spínola exercised, throughout his career, various duties, positions and public functions, always focused on the interests of the population. Given the aspirations of Bahia, it expanded the opportunities for higher education in the state, with the creation of Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública.
At the Santa Luzia Foundation, the professor and pioneer of ophthalmology promoted the dissemination of knowledge, for several years, to countless generations.
Francisco Pinheiro Lima Jr.
Francisco Pinheiro Lima Jr. was born in Pojuca, Bahia, in 1918.
He followed a priestly career, completing his training at the Gregorian University (Rome) in 1948.
He dedicated himself, above all, to activities related to teaching, at the Mayor Seminary of Bahia and at the Catholic Faculty of Philosophy, which became one of the starting points for the creation of the Catholic University of Salvador (UCSal). In several periods, he served as director of the University's Institute of Philosophy and Human Sciences. Later, he chose to dedicate himself exclusively to teaching.
Although maintaining ties with religious institutes, he joined the faculty of the Faculty of Philosophy of the Federal University of Bahia, where he defended doctoral theses and professorships, becoming a full professor by competitive examination. It reached a prominent position among scholars of Brazilian philosophy, having carried out pioneering studies on the evolution of philosophical ideas in Bahia.
In 1952, aware of the latent – and urgent – demand for training health professionals in the state of Bahia, Francisco Pinheiro joined medical and political leaders in the city of Salvador to create a new educational institution. Thus was born the Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública.
They were his companions in the foundation of the Bahiana doctors José Santiago da Motta, Antônio Simões da Silva Freitas, Orlando de Castro Lima, Jorge Valente, Adelaido Ribeiro, Aristides Novis Filho, Antônio Souza Lima Machado, Colombo Moreira Spínola, Urcício Santiago and André Negreiros Falcão, in addition to the high school teacher René Alfredo Guimarães and also the priest Manoel Aquino Barbosa.
Jorge Valente graduated in 1927, at the age of 22, a member of the 111th class of the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia (FAMEB/UFBA). He was a colleague of Alicio Peltier de Queiroz, Carlos Rodrigues de Moraes, Hosannah de Oliveira, José Eugênio Mendes Figueiredo, José Silveira and Thales Olympio Góes de Azevêdo, among others, in a class recognized as one of the most brilliant in the history of the school.
There, he became a full professor of Clinical Urology, expanding his horizons and organizing a service of a superior standard in the specialty, at Hospital das Clínicas. In the early 1950s, realizing the demand for a new medical school in the capital of Bahia, he was part of the group of idealizers who founded the Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública. Valente would become the institution's first director, elected on December 6, 1952.
From 1968 to 1970, he was also president of the Academy of Medicine of Bahia.
José Santiago da Motta
He was born in Muritiba, in the Recôncavo Baiano, on August 14, 1902, the son of a large family, he had 18 siblings. He had to work to stay on the Dentistry course in Bahia, where he graduated as a laureate student. Before completing this course, he was already a medical student at the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia (FAMEB/UFBA), when he became friends with his colleague (Class of 1932) Orlando de Castro Lima. As the Dentistry course in Bahia is attached to the FAMEB, a friendship with several contemporaries emerged, some also founders of the Bahiana, such as Jorge Valente, Antônio Simões and Adelaido Ribeiro.
A doctor, he studied some specializations, such as Tropical Diseases, Venereal Diseases, with Urcício Santiago as a colleague, and Sanitary Medicine at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, in Rio de Janeiro, during the Second World War. Later, he completed his specialization in Occupational Medicine and, believing that a physician should understand not only diseases, but also health, he studied Physical Education.
He was a professor, member of the Academy of Medicine of Bahia and worked in the public service. He served as a doctor for the Fire Department and the Brazilian Army, was director of the Interior Health Service and also a medical examiner. He was part of the Board of Directors of Embasa, naturally from a medical perspective, since it was the water that supplied the city.
He died in 1987. His library was donated to the Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública.
Manoel Aquino Barbosa
Manoel Aquino Barbosa was born on October 29, 1902, in the arraial de Oliveira dos Campinhos, district of Santo Amaro.
From childhood, he cultivated the religious office. He began the apostolate in 1926, when he was appointed curate of the Parish of Nazareth. As a priest, he had his name linked to various activities of great repercussion among the people of Bahia.
A man of multiple vocations, Manoel Aquino Barbosa made his passions his life: a born journalist, he published his first writings while still in the Seminary, undertaking the material and editorial reform of the daily “Era Nova”; he was also dedicated to historical studies – especially with regard to the Church in Brazil, having been one of the greatest collectors of rare works and owner of a very rich private library, containing a collection of our ecclesiastical history.
In 1935, he assumed the position of public archivist, which he occupied for twenty-eight months, reaffirming his dedication to the Bahian past and exercising timely supervision to prevent the departure of art objects to other states, including the first listing of historical monuments in the state of Bahia.
Orlando de Castro Lima
Orlando de Castro Lima is one of the great names in the history of the Bahiana.
He graduated in 1932 from the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia. His doctoral thesis entitled “Constitutional states in rhinolaryngology – study notes” was considered the most brilliant among those defended by his classmates.
He began his professional life in clinical practice and, in a short time, gained a vast clientele in the field of otolaryngology. In the state public service, he worked at the 2nd Health Center, where he stood out as a brilliant clinician. Their surgical procedures were always indicated with safety and adequacy, at a time when there were no therapies comparable to those of today.
In the US, he did an internship at St. Lucas Hospital and furthered his studies at Temple University. Returning to Bahia, he installed the first bronchoesophagology and peroral endoscopy service at the Emergency Room at Getúlio Vargas Hospital.
He was one of the founders of Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, which he directed for many years.
While he was in charge of the school, he built classrooms, administrative buildings, the Santa Izabel Hospital outpatient clinic, the Bahia Perinatology Institute (IPERBA) and the institution's library. Acquired the dispensary of the former Santa Terezinha Anti-Tuberculosis Foundation, where today the Medical Center of Bahiana on the Brotas Campus.
René Alfredo Guimarães
With a vast curriculum and a career of remarkable dedication to public health, Urcício Santiago was born in Salvador, on August 5, 1914.
At the age of 26, he entered the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia, from which he graduated on December 5, 1936. He started a private practice and took up professional activity at Caixa Econômica Federal and at Viação Férrea Brasileira. Journalist and man of letters, he was an outstanding humanist.
In 1940, he moved to the city of Castro Alves, to work as a doctor at the local Hygiene Post. In the same year, he attended the Intensive Course in Public Health and, in the following year, two new courses, in Rio de Janeiro.
In 1943, he earned the diploma of sanitarist at the Instituto de Manguinhos and, in the same year, he enrolled in the course on Sanitary Organization and Administration. He was appointed head of the Interior Health Service, director general of the Department of Health, and finally secretary of state for education and health.
He went to the United States, in 1944, and spent three years in Boston, taking a course in Public Health at Harvard University, from which he returned with a master's degree.
Returning to Brazil, he was appointed superintendent of the Campaign against Venereal Diseases, a position he combined with that of Head of the Interior Medical Service.
He was one of the founders of Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, the Academy of Medicine of Bahia, the Brazilian Institute of Rural Medicine and other institutions.
Na Bahiana, was a Hygiene professor, coordinator and professor of the Public Health course. He was also a professor at the Faculty of Medicine of the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) and full professor at the State University of Feira de Santana (UEFS).